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The continent of Africa had been synonymous with abstractions as darkness, fear and fright; such an estranged identity had in fact been stitched and constructed by the invading west, whose innovative and strategic dissemination of thoughts had pulled Africa into unimaginable marginal depths. Decades of exploitation had denigrated the African colour, race, language, literature and culture to a position occupying below the mediocre rungs. The independence movements in the early 1950’s and subsequent induction of liberal education had infact created a sturdy platform for African writers to voice themselves. Nigerian literature had carved a unique enclave amidst the vast panorama of African literature, for it abounds not merely in exhibitionism of its once vibrant culture, but also the challenges it facedin the post colonial era. Chinua Achebe, though belonging to an earlier generation of Nigerian writers, still content a position for ethical research, for he helped construct not merely an African identity (which was shredded and disseminated by colonialism) but also helped reinterpret the African past from an African point of view, which had indeed proved a marker for the later and contemporary writers. This paper attempts to re read through the lines of the seminal essay by Achebe- An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. One of the prime objectives of the paper will be to highlight the marginalizing, tarnishing and most aptly the racist tendencies, as mentioned in the essay. The paper would also intend to discuss and remind the readers of the significance of Achebe in establishing the colossal African literature.